Laboratory

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Brest
Grodno
Minsk

Preparation for analyzes

Dear patients, below are recommendations for preparation for analysis.
Preparation for liquid cytology

Cytology:

  • Biomaterial is passed separately from another biomaterial from an urogenital tract (on the day of taking the biomaterial for this research, it is desirable not to carry out other smears).
  • The best period for research is the interval between the 10th and 20th days of a cycle.
  • Within 3 days prior to the research to exclude: 
    • sanitation of vagina with water or other liquids;
    • use of tampons;
    • use of any vaginal medications.
  • Within 3 days prior of the research to abstain from sexual contacts.
  • Within 14 days prior of the research to exclude intake of antibacterial medicines.
Bacterial sowing from a nose

Sowing from a nose:

  • The analysis is given before the antibacterial therapy or in 2-3 weeks after the end of the treatment.
  • Before passing the analysis (on the day of the material sampling) to exclude:
      1. food intake;
      2. drink;
      3. carrying out hygiene of an oral cavity (not to brush teeth) and a nose;
      4. instillation of nasal medications and other liquids;
      5. irrigation of an oral cavity aerosols, smoking.
The rules of collecting feces

To the coprogram::

  • For research is necessary a portion of feces of natural defecation.
    The feces are collected in a container for feces with a spoon and a lid. The container for collecting of biomaterial must be purchased at the pharmacy in advance. The container must be filled no more than on 1/3 of its volume.
  • When collecting feces from young children – it is prohibited to take feces from a diaper, from underwear – is allowed.
  • It is forbidden to collect feces from a toilet bowl. It is possible to use a clean, dry vessel (pot).
  • Cancellation of medicines is recommended (all laxatives, antidiarrheal, vago-and sympathicotropic medications, kaolin, barium sulfate, medicines of bismuth, iron preparations, rectal candles on a fatty basis, enzymes and other medications influencing processes of digestion, absorption and a vermicular movement).
  • It is impossible to conduct coprological researches after an enema.
  • After X-ray research of a stomach and intestines, carrying out the analysis of feces is shown not earlier than after two days.
  • The research should be carried out before performing sigmoidoscopy, irgigoscopy and other diagnostic manipulations in the intestine and stomach or in 2 weeks after the carried-out diagnostic manipulations.
  • From the diet should be excluded meat, fish, tomatoes, all kinds of green vegetables, beet, blueberry and other products containing coloring matter.
  • Feces for research should not contain impurities, such as urine.
  • The container with the feces is tightly closed with a lid, placed in a clean disposable bag and delivered to LLC «LODE» as soon as possible on the day of collection.

For the hidden blood in feces:

Determination of hidden blood in feces is not recommended:

  • Within 2 weeks after carrying out instrumental researches of gastrointestinal tract or medical procedures (colonoscopy, rectoromanoscopy, clarification of intestines by means of enemas, etc.).
  • During menstruations.
  • When bleeding from hemorrhoidal knots, hematuria or after an excessive straining during defecation.
  • If there is observed an impurity of urine in the feces or separated of the genitals.
The rules of preparation for the research of ejaculate

Spermogram:

  • For a research it is necessary ejaculate, collected by the way of masturbation directly in LLC LODE at the address 58, Nezavisimosty ave.
  • The portion of the ejaculate is collected in a sterile container with a lid (the container can be received in LLC LODE or purchase at a pharmacy). To obtain the correct results of a research it is necessary to collect all received ejaculate.
  • If during the same day are planned also blood draw from a vein, then first it is necessary to take a blood test and then ejaculate.
  • Biomaterial surrenders after 3-day and no more than 5-day sexual abstinence.
  • Alcohol should not be taken during this period.
  • One day before carry out do not smoke.
  • Do not take medicines (exception: life-saving medicines prescribed by a doctor for permanent use, do not need to be canceled).
  • The analysis is done in 3-4 weeks after the end of treatment by antibiotics.
  • For 7 days before to exclude exposure to elevated temperature (visiting the bath / sauna, production hyperthermia), exclude exposure to high-frequency electromagnetic waves (for example, UHF-therapy).
  • The analysis is done in 2 weeks after the diseases / conditions that caused the temperature increase.
  • During preparation period for a research also is necessary good nutrition.
  • On the day preceding the analysis, it is desirable to exclude heavy physical and psychological stress.
  • At a repeated research it is preferable to determine the identical periods of abstention for decrease in fluctuations of the received results.
  • It is not recommended to pass ejaculate on the same day with the tests assuming the taking of biomaterial from the urethra.
The rules for the preparation and collection of feces in the research of intestinal microflora

Intestinal microflora:

  • All examine patients for 1-3 days before sampling should be on a diet that excludes the intake of foods that enhance the fermentation processes in the intestines and lactic acid products, as well as alcohol, antibiotics and bacterial preparations (containing bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, E. coli, etc.).
  • The material is the feces after natural defecation, which is collected in a clean sterile disposable container with a screwing-up cap and a spoon.
  • It is not recommended to collect feces from a toilet bowl.
  • Collect feces on a clean surface, which can be used as a clean new sheet (bag) of polyethylene or paper (this way is preferable).
  • When using the vessel, it is previously well washed out with soap and a sponge, rinsed repeatedly with tap water, and then doused with boiling water and cooled.
  • Feces take mainly from the middle portion with a special spoon, built into the lid of the sterile container, in an amount of not more than 1/3 of the container volume. Do not fill the container up to the top. Carefully close a lid.
  • Delivery to the laboratory - as soon as it possible on the day of taking;
    specify the time of reception at administrators and in the contact center of medical center «LODE».
Research of feces for pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microflora

Conditionally pathogenic microflora:

  • Sampling of feces should be carried out in the early stages of a disease while pathogenic microbes are contained in the material in large quantities.
  • Feces are collected in a sterile container with a lid and spoon, which can be obtained at the medical center «LODE» or purchased at a pharmacy.
  • Delivery to the laboratory (if the client collects at home) - as soon as it possible on the day of taking, specify the time of reception at administrators and in the contact center of medical center «LODE».
Definition of calprotectin in feces

Calprotectin:

  • Special dietary restrictions are not required.
  • In the case of use of preparations that increase the risk of bleeding (for example, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory preparations), it is necessary to discuss an order of carrying out a research with the attending physician.
  • Patients with hemorrhoidal bleeding, blood in urine, with pain in the process of defecation, women during the menstrual cycle should refrain from this research.
  • The research should not be conducted within 2 weeks after carrying out tool researches of the gastrointestinal tract or medical procedures which can cause mechanical damages mucous (for example, colonoscopy, rectoromanoscopy, clarification of intestines with enemas, etc.).
  • Stools should be obtained in the natural way without enemas and laxatives.
  • It is not recommended to collect feces from a toilet bowl.
  • Feces are collected on a clean surface, which can be used as a dry clean sheet of paper, polyethylene or an oilcloth, or a vessel (pot). Place the test in a container for feces in an amount of not more than 1/3 of the volume of a container. It is necessary to bring a container with feces to the medical center «LODE» on the day of collecting test (or no later than 1-2 days after defecation). Before transportation the container with biomaterial should be stored in a refrigerator at +4 ... +8 degrees.
Definition of Giardia lamblia in feces

Antigen test:

  • The research should be carried out during the first week from the moment of emergence of symptoms of a disease, since in a week after infection, the number of parasites in the feces decreases, making the samples less reactive.
  • It is not recommended to collect feces from a toilet bowl.
  • Feces are collected on a clean surface, which can be used as a dry clean sheet of paper, polyethylene or an oilcloth, or a vessel (pot). Place the test in a container for feces in an amount of not more than 1/3 of the volume of a container. It is necessary to bring a container with feces to the medical center «LODE» on the day of collecting test (or no later than 1-2 days after defecation). Before transportation the container with biomaterial should be stored in a refrigerator at +4 ... +8 degrees.
Definition of rotavirus in feces

Rotavirus in feces:

  • Conditions of preparation are determined by the attending physician..
  • It is not recommended to collect feces from a toilet bowl.
  • Feces are collected on a clean surface, which can be used as a dry clean sheet of paper, polyethylene or an oilcloth, or a vessel (pot). Place the test in a container for feces in an amount of not more than 1/3 of the volume of a container. It is necessary to bring a container with feces to the medical center «LODE» on the day of collecting test (or no later than 1-2 days after defecation). Before transportation the container with biomaterial should be stored in a refrigerator at +4 ... +8 degrees.